Answers to frequently asked questions about the Global Partnership.

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About Effective Development Co-operation

What is effective development co-operation?

Effective development co-operation ensures that all partners involved in development activities co-ordinate their work for the most effective use of resources. Under the leadership of partner country governments, effective development co-operation brings together business, civil society organisations, philanthropy, multilateral institutions and others to ensure resources, time and knowledge produce maximum impact for poverty eradication.
Through effective development co-operation, all stakeholders can:

  • Better monitor results from all types of development co-operation;
  • Share best practices and learn from peers;
  • Ensure development partners align their support with national priorities and plans;
  • Avoid duplication of efforts; and
  • Foster innovative partnerships that boost development impact.

How does effective development co-operation differ from aid effectiveness?

At the beginning of the 21st century, it became clear that not only the quantity, but also at the quality of Official Development Assistance (ODA), or ‘aid’, to developing countries was essential for achieving wide-ranging development goals. Given the need to captalise on all available resources to eradicate global poverty, at the same time, the international development community recognised a growing role for emerging partners and non-executive stakeholders like civil society and the private sector. While traditional development assistance still remains important to many countries, ODA is increasingly complemented by other modalities of development co-operation, such as the exchange of knowledge and know-how between developing countries and with other actors.

A series of High-Level Meetings in Rome, Paris, Accra and ultimately the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan culminated in the shift from ‘aid effectiveness’ to ‘development co-operation’, helping to improve relationships between donors, developing countries and a range of other important development stakeholders to ensure that all resources available for development are channelled and utilised in the most efficient possible manner.

What are the effective development co-operation principles?

The principles of effective development co-operation, agreed at the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, Korea in 2011, help all stakeholders deliver on their respective effectiveness commitments. The principles include:

  • Ownership of development priorities by developing countries themselves;
  • A focus on results;
  • Inclusive development partnerships; and
  • Transparency and mutual accountability among partners.

About the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation

What is the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation?

The Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation helps nations, business and organisations to advance the effectiveness of development efforts, contributing to results that are long-lasting and support achievement of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Established in 2011 at the Fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, Korea, the Global Partnership brings together 161 countries, 56 international organisations, and representatives of civil society organisations, parliaments, local governments, the business sector, philanthropy, trade unions and other actors to produce maximum impact for development.

As a forum for advice, shared accountability and shared learning and experiences, the Global Partnership promotes the internationally-agreed principles that form the foundation of effective development co-operation.

At the Second High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership (HLM2), in Nairobi, Kenya on 28 November- 1 December 2016, stakeholders adopted the Nairobi Outcome Document, which set a renewed mandate for the Global Partnership against the backdrop of an evolving development co-operation landscape. The Global Partnership remains country-focused in delivering its mandate and performs five core functions:

  • Supporting effectiveness at the country level;
  • Generating evidence for accountability of commitments and SDG follow-up;
  • Sharing knowledge and lessons on operationalising the development effectiveness principles;
  • Learning from different modalities of co-operation; and
  • Sustaining political momentum for effective development co-operation.

What impact does the Global Partnership have?

Nations, organisations and businesses uphold the Global Partnership’s principles to boost the impact of development co-operation at the country, regional and global levels. The Global Partnership offers a space to discuss policy reforms, share lessons learned and promote good practices to improve the quality of development co-operation in pursuit of the 2030 Agenda.

The Global Partnership is also the place where different development actors hold each other accountable for their respective commitments on effective development co-operation. High-level meetings and a global monitoring framework help track progress made in implementing respective commitments. The first monitoring report was released in April 2014 and the second monitoring round of the Global Partnership concluded with the launch of the 2016 Progress Report: Making Development Co-operation More Effective and 81 complementary Country and Territory Monitoring Profiles, providing a snapshot of progress on internationally-agreed principles aimed at making development co-operation more effective. Global Partnership monitoring has been recognised as a unique source of information for SDG follow-up and review, informing SDG targets 17.15, 17.16 and 5c.

The First High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership took place in Mexico City on 15-16 April 2014. At the Second High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership (HLM2), which took place in Nairobi on 28 November – 1 December 2016, development co-operation stakeholders endorsed the Nairobi Outcome Document, which seeks to shape how existing and new development actors can partner to implement Agenda 2030 and realise the SDGs.

What is the Global Partnership monitoring exercise?

Global Partnership monitoring is a country-led, voluntary process that regularly tracks progress in implementing the effective development co-operation commitments at the country level. It facilitates dialogue and encourages the sharing of experiences among governments, multilateral organisations, civil society, parliamentarians, local governments, trade unions, foundations and the business sector. The Global Partnership monitoring framework is comprised of ten indicators, which measure countries’ progress in operationalising the effective development co-operation principles. The last 2015-2016 monitoring exercise was led by 81 low and middle-income countries and territories with participation of more than 125 countries, 74 development organisations and hundreds of civil society organisations, private sector representatives, trade unions, foundations, parliamentarians and local governments. The data and evidence generated covers up to 89% of participating countries’ programmed development co-operation. Join the Global Partnership’s 2018 monitoring round!

Data collected by countries through the Global Partnership monitoring process also directly contributes to the measurement of target 17.16 on multi-stakeholder partnerships as well as to the measurement of SDG Indicators 5.c.1 on gender equality and 17.15.1 on policy space. With this, the monitoring work of the Global Partnership will complement the follow-up and review processes of the 2030 Agenda and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda. The monitoring framework is currently being updated to reflect the breadth of effectiveness commitments across diverse actors needed to support the 2030 Agenda and leave no-one behind. Find out more about Global Partnership monitoring.

What is the Nairobi Outcome Document?

The Nairobi Outcome Document is an aspirational, forward-looking set of priorities for development co-operation’s support to achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Participants at the Second High-Level Meeting (HLM2) of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation in Nairobi (2016) agreed the document, reaffirming the development effectiveness principles, as well as all commitments made at previous high-level fora on aid effectiveness (Paris 2005, Accra 2008, Busan 2011) and at the First High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership (Mexico 2014). For the first time, in Nairobi, the international community articulated differentiated commitments to effective development co-operation according to stakeholder groups, recognising differentiated roles and contributions towards shared effectiveness principles.

The Nairobi Outcome Document was prepared and endorsed through a consultative process between May and November 2016. The document’s chief negotiator, Ambassador Macharia Kamau, Permanent Representative of Kenya to the United Nations in New York, led the process, which concluded with intensive consultations in Nairobi. HLM2 closed with the endorsement of the Nairobi Outcome Document by more than 4,600 delegates from 157 countries and twelve stakeholder groups – governments, civil society, business, foundations, members of parliament, trade unions, academia, regional organisations, youth, local governments, multi-lateral development banks and other international organisations.

Read the Nairobi Outcome Document in Arabic, English, French or Spanish.

Getting Involved

Why join the conversation?

Since its inception, the Global Partnership was endorsed by 161 countries and 56 organisations that are now working together to ensure funding, time and knowledge bring about the maximum impact for development. As part of the ‘how’ to implement the 2030 Agenda, the Global Partnership is a forum for shared accountability and shared learning to support the implementation of internationally-agreed principles for more effective development co-operation.

Global Partnership stakeholders have access to myriad peer-learning opportunities and targeted support to increasing the effectiveness of their development partnerships. In addition, joining the Global Partnership demonstrates your country or organisation’s commitment to maximum impact for poverty eradication.

If you represent a government body, organisation, enterprise or international organisation and would like to know more about the Global Partnership please contact us at


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