Making space for youth in development co-operation

Editor’s note: Read the Nairobi Youth Statement from the Second High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership here.

Six months after the Second High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation (HLM2), the youth that gathered and met in Nairobi have continued their work on making youth an active stakeholder in effective development co-operation. We come from all continents, and we represent civil society, grassroots organisations and government institutions. We are women, migrants, farmers and workers. We are members of faith-based organisations as well as indigenous communities. We are active members of the CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE). We are cross-sectional, and we have created space for representation in state bureaucracy and parliament at national, regional and international levels.

The first step towards our goal was made possible by the government of Kenya, which hosted HLM2. Kenya granted the time and space to hold a Youth Forum, taking place alongside a Women’s Forum during the preparatory days preceding HLM2’s official two-day agenda. Much was discussed about the role of youth in development co-operation and, in consequence, about the role of youth in the Global Partnership. There was common agreement on two political and methodological issues of the Partnership:

  • There are no specific mechanisms within the Global Partnership’s multi-stakeholder platform that guarantee active youth participation
  • There are no specific indicators or tools that address or facilitate the gathering of information regarding youth involvement and participation in development co-operation

During the HLM2 formal discussions, many stakeholders spoke about the importance of investing in youth. But crucial questions remained unaddressed: Who should invest in youth? And how? As youth representatives, we have the answers to these questions. Yet, it seems that the youth message is not fully heard, despite our ostensible engagement in various fora and meetings.

We are real, concrete, active actors in development. We represent the largest youth population in the history of humanity. The implications of our size alone, in terms of workforce and consumption, but also regarding innovation and sustainability, among other things, is a simple and clear illustration of the importance of our role in society. Conversations around sustainable development and effective development co-operation must make space for youth advocacy, and must prioritise the collection of data on youth participation in the development and sustainability agendas.

The Youth Declaration drafted in Nairobi is our stand on youth engagement in development co-operation. It is time youth are no longer seen as passive recipients of development co-operation, but rather actively incorporated in the development discourse.

Who is Funding What, Where and to What Effect? Uganda’s AidData Center maps out the story

Open data can dramatically improve development outcomes, yet aid information is often fragmented and inaccessible. Government and civil society partners in Uganda need better information to help decide how to best use development resources and to offer accountability to citizens.

This is why AidData and USAID’s Global Development Lab are working with Ugandan Government, donor and civil society partners to better analyze the distribution and impact of aid investments. The AidData Center for Development Policy aims to sustainably produce, use and manage more detailed aid information.

Together, the Uganda Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development and AidData have already geocoded 569 projects from 38 different donors identifying more than 2,500 project locations. They have created an information infrastructure that will help the to government to make more informed decisions to target future aid. In August 2014, the AidData Center partnered with the Resilient Africa Network Higher Education Solutions Network lab at Makerere University to host a hackathon  in Kampala to geocode the information.

As well as policymakers, scholars and citizens will also be able to use this information more easily track domestic aid flows and produce customised reports to help them make data-driven decisions.

The Aid Management Program was created by AidData partner Development Gateway along with the OECD, World Bank, UNDP, and governments of Ethiopia and India. Anchored in the principles of the global aid effectiveness agenda, the Program contributes to aid co-ordination and harmonisation, helping governments and their donor partners manage for results.

Formed in 2012, the AidData Center aims to ensure that data is transparent and  useful for informing advocacy, research and decision-making. Offering geospatial data, tools, and research, the Center enables development actors to make sense of vast stores of project information and socio-economic indicators that can improve decision-making and resource allocation within the global development community.

The partnership includes the Ugandan Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development, Makerere University the Agency for Transformation, the Economic Policy Research Center, UNICEF Uganda, Development Research Training, CIPESA, and Uganda Debt Network Governance.

“There has been a tendency of concentrating resources in one area in one sector… [using geocoded data] we will be able to better target the interventions,” Aid Management Platform Focal Point for the Ministry of Finance, Planning, and Economic Development Ferdinand Tumwebaze said.

“You will be able to see what is already on the ground before allocating more resources to the area.”

AidData has trained donor and government staff to report geocoded aid information directly into the government’s Aid Management Platform. To make sure that usage extended to citizens and civil society, the AidData Center embedded 14 AidData Summer Fellows from U.S. universities and Makerere University in Kampala with Ugandan organisations in 2014.

Civil Society groups such as Agency for Transformation (AfT) worked with the fellows to geocode budget commitments and disbursements in the agriculture sector in target districts of Mubende and Mityana. These maps helped smallholder farmers at a district dialogue visualize the data and engage actively in discussions about resource allocation and accountability. A finance officer at AfT said this powerful advocacy tool “triggers the thinking of the politicians … it makes the politician ask more questions.”

This data has found an enthusiastic community of users among donors in Uganda who want a better understanding of how their agency’s resources are being allocated. USAID/ Uganda GIS Specialist Richard Okello noted: “It’s very useful to have all of our activities on one map so that we can see what we are doing.”

Better data has also broken down information silos between donors to enable better co-ordination and more efficient use of development resources. The Ugandan Government will launch a public portal in October 2015, developed in partnership with AidData to enable citizens to access new geocoded aid information as it is reported into the system.

UNICEF Uganda is also collaborating to investigate development of a first of its kind portal to connect top-down official aid records from the Aid Management Platform with bottom-up field reports collected via UNICEF’s DevTrac system. This would create a more complete picture of the project lifecycle, tracking financial inputs to development outcomes.

A key lesson learned so far is the importance of expanding awareness and skills for a broad group of government and donor officials to use the Aid Management Platform.

While interest in using geocoded aid information is universally high, many organisations did not have the skills and confidence to independently use the geocoded aid information at the end of the AidData summer fellowships. Key barriers to engagement were low baseline data literacy, a steep learning curve to learn the software to visualize and analyze geocoded aid information, and a disconnect between technologists and civil society

AidData therefor plans to develop trainings to strengthen the skills of government, donor and civil society staff to effectively use the Aid Management Platform and geocoded data, as well as to continue refining the data mapping tool itself to make it easier for people to find and use the data they need for their work.  ”

“Recently, we have had challenges where our decisions are not informed decisions, but you find with the projects coming on board, and with the distribution of projects, you find that it is concentrated in one region, leaving out other regions,” Ugandan Ministry of Finance representative said.

“A given example is that you find a given development partner is supporting the Western region, and another partner is supporting the same region with the same interventions. But with geocoding … you should be able to see the concentration of projects, and be able to see what it is supporting.”

Better data on aid can boost the Busan Building Blocks of transparency and accountability in development assistance, as well as providing information vital for a host of other effective development practices such as giving donors the information they need to manage for diversity and reduce fragmentation in the way they assist developing countries.

Partnership Driving Ebola Emergency Response in Sierra Leone

Since the first case of Ebola in May 2014, Sierra Leone has dealt with an outbreak of the deadly virus that has affected every facet and member of society in the West African country with just over six million citizens. An estimated 3000 people have died from the highly transmissible disease.

To combat the outbreak, the Ministry of Health and Sanitation set up a multi-stakeholder emergency taskforce with civil society and international organisations to monitor the situation and increase collaboration between development partners working to contain the spread of the virus.

Part of the taskforce is the “Ebola Emergency Response” project, an ongoing effort operated for the past nine months by the NGO, Youth Partnership for Peace and Development. Using an already established multi-stakeholder group, WASH-Net Sierra Leone, and building on the work done by them to combat a cholera outbreak in 2012, the group brings together civil society organisations already working in social areas such as health and child welfare with government agencies, the Ministry of Health and Sanitation in particular, and is funded by the UN Development Programme.

The project is focused on mobilising citizens to adopt practices that will help protect themselves and their families from contracting Ebola, the same practices that are necessary to help slow, and eventually stop, the spread of the deadly disease that has a 70% death rate according to the World Health Organisation. This work is especially crucial in the country where a high mistrust of the health system, due in part to insufficient space for patients in hospitals at the onset of this Ebola outbreak, is hampering efforts to help get more people suffering from Ebola into health facilities.

The members of WASH-Net are working on community education through awareness raising campaigns in the Western area of Sierra Leone, the hardest hit region and location of the fastest spread of the disease.

Working with local government structures, such as the newly established District Ebola Committees, and also with local tribal leaders, the work focuses on education about the virus to reduce misinformation that has led to uninformed decision making by people, while also increase understanding about Ebola survivors who return to their communities in order to reduce the discrimination they can face.

The project has translated Ebola prevention materials into 10 local languages and distributed these in villages and remote communities, along with posters and other advertising materials to increase awareness about Ebola facts.

WASH-Net partners have also gone door-to-door to nearly 9,000 homes in Western Sierra Leone and held street theatre performances and radio broadcasts in the districts with the highest number of Ebola cases.

To bolster this information, the project has also distributed bucket handwashing stations with anti-bacterial soap.

There’s now better coordination among government, development partners and civil society as non-state actors in the current response strategy. This to a very large extent has helped in saving lives and also providing the needed social protection for quarantined households and communities.

Response to an emergency is a time when partnership is most critical to maximize resources and impact. This case shows how the Busan principles of country ownership of development with a strong focus on results and inclusive partnerships that are open to all are necessary in the ongoing fight to eradicate Ebola in Sierra Leone.