These Global Partnership-related events have been organised to facilitate peer learning and knowledge sharing in order to strengthen the voice of developing countries.
By invitation only to the Global Partnership Steering Committee members.
By invitation only to the Global Partnership Steering Committee members.
- Logistical note
- Concept Note Working Group 1: Country level implementation
- Concept Note Working Group 2: Unlocking the potential of effectiveness
- Concept Note Working Group 3: Knowledge sharing
- Concept Note Working Group 4: Private sector engagement
- Concept Note “Global Partnership Monitoring Framework for 2030”
- Proposal for the 4th Non-Executive Co-Chair
- Calendar of International Events
- List of Global Partnership Initiatives
The African Effective Development Co-operation Community of Practice Meeting was hosted in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on 6-7 November. The meeting with jointly hosted by UNDP Regional Service Centre for Africa in collaboration with the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency and with support from the European Commission. The overall aim of the meeting is to follow up on the progress and commitments made by all development partners (including the distinctive contribution of the increasingly diverse actors in development co-operation) and defining the priorities for Africa within the 2017-2018 GPEDC Work Programme. The key objectives of the meeting were as follows:
- To share experiences and technical knowledge on country level implementation of EDC principles with a special focus on multi-stakeholder platforms.
- To create regional dialogue around the GPEDC monitoring process, including the use of its key results such as use of country systems and establishment of mutual accountability frameworks.
- To discuss how to further promote the use of country systems.
- To learn from peer countries on how to engage private sector into development cooperation, including scaling up public-private partnerships (PPP) for SDG implementation.
- To share experiences and technical knowledge on the establishment of INFFs at country level and to discuss the DFA methodology and process, including its key features in response to specific needs of countries in Africa, with the view to strengthen the DFA methodology and guidance materials for the continent.
- To discuss around the regional priorities to inform the GPEDC work plan implementation.
Summary Report available here.
Realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development requires unprecedented and diverse resources – public and private, domestic and international. Governments around the world are increasingly conscious that the first step to building more inclusive and prosperous societies is to ensure that businesses deliver for society in order to enhance their full economic potential.
The Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation (GPEDC), a partnership of governments, private sector, civil society, international organisations and others, promotes effective development cooperation in sup-port of sustainable development. As part of one of its workstreams, it generates evidence on how private sector engagement through development co-operation – financial and otherwise – delivers shared value for the people most in need and the private sector. It facilitates evidence-based and inclusive country dialogue on the drivers of effective private sector engagement (PSE) that is mobilized through the diverse modalities of development co-operation – from research, knowledge and information sharing to policy dialogue, technical assistance and capacity building, to finance.
The work of the Global Partnership on PSE will inform global guidelines for effective private sector engagement through development co-operation. A draft country case study will be the basis for discussion.
This workshop is hosted by the Economic Relations Division, Ministry of Finance of the Government of Bangladesh, Co-Chair of the Global Partnership, and co-organised with the ICC Bangladesh and the Global Partnership Secretariat, and with generous support from the Government of Germany.
- Identify positive examples and real opportunities to harness the ingenuity of small and medium-sized enterprises, and other domestic and multinational corporations in Bangladesh through development co-operation to contribute to sustainable development and grow business.
- Examine the most pressing concerns for private sector engagement in Bangladesh and how stakeholders across sectors can address concerns together.
- Concept Note: Private Sector Engagement
- Flyer: Creating Shared Value for Business & Development
- Flyer: The Global Partnership & Private Sector Engagement
- List of Participants
- Final Report: Bangladesh’s Private Sector Engagement
- Highlights: Bangladesh’s Private Sector Engagement
- Policy Recommendations: Bangladesh’s Private Sector Engagement
Speakers / Panelists
The workshop will bring together representatives of the following groupings for an informal and frank dialogue at eye level: the Government of Bangladesh, SMEs, large domestic and transnational firms; business associations, civil society organisations, trade unions, parliamentarians, foundations, research institutes and Bangladesh’s key international development partners.
A number of representatives from neighbouring countries will share experiences to promote peer learning.
feb151:30 pm- 2:30 pmDiamonds: Uncut - The Base Erosion and Profit Shifting ChallengesBy Tax Inspectors Without Borders1:30 pm - 2:30 pm United Nations Headquarters, New YorkEvent Type :Peer Learning Event
Diamond producing and exporting countries
Diamond producing and exporting countries face acute domestic resource mobilisation (DRM) challenges,
particularly in Africa, on account of particular industry challenges, including tracking and valuation of
diamond production. Accurate valuation of both rough and polished diamonds for export is essential in
ensuring the producing country receives an appropriate share of the final price paid by jewellery buyers,
other intermediaries and ultimately, retail customers. For countries that are dependent on these precious
stones, millions of dollars are at stake when assessing their value for tax purposes and this often represents
a significant percentage of the tax base of diamond rich developing countries.
The complexity of the industry, together with tax base erosion and profit shifting issues, pose major
information gaps and uncertainty for tax administrations in developing countries where diamonds are
mined. Tax Inspectors Without Borders (TIWB) – an OECD/UNDP joint initiative working closely in cooperation
with Africa Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) in Africa is providing hands on tax audit support –
matching up tax audit experts with industry experts, including diamond industry specialists, bringing in that
combination of skills to assist African countries harness their tax mobilisation capacity in this sector. TIWB’s
objectives are to equip tax officials with the tools needed to tax local economic activity and value creation
in accordance with international standards and principles, and to help create a predictable tax environment
This TIWB learning event is an opportunity to learn more about a complex DRM challenge faced by many
countries and to discuss what more can be done to help. A panel of leading experts will discuss the topic.
This workshop is in line
This workshop is in line with Strategic Output 1: Enhanced support to effective development co-operation at country level of the 2017-2018 Work Programme of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation.
Under this Strategic Output, the Global Partnership aims to support countries in mainstreaming effectiveness principles into development co-operation practices and strategically managing diverse development co-operation resources, as well as ensuring that country-level evidence on progress and challenges informs multi-stakeholder dialogue at national, regional and global levels to drive political decisions and promote behaviour change.
The objectives of the workshop are to: (i) review common challenges in the implementation of effective
development co-operation commitments and to share lessons on addressing these challenges; (ii) develop a common understanding of the conceptual approach for the piloting work, including desired outcomes and implementation modalities; (iii) facilitate peer learning on the design of individual country pilots; and (iv) agree on next steps for the piloting work, including communications and reporting plans.
By invite only
The Global Partnership Initiatives
The Global Partnership Initiatives (GPIs) directly contribute to two of the core functions of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation (GPEDC): they offer catalytic support to the implementation of the Busan commitments at country level, and they are a mechanism for exchanging knowledge and lessons learned on implementation of the development effectiveness principles. As such, GPIs contribute to the Global Partnership’s vision by directly implementing commitments and by generating evidence, policy-relevant lessons and innovative solutions.
Building on the experiences and lessons learned from the previous GPI Acceleration Workshop in 2016 in Barcelona, this workshop will bring together representatives from the 29 Global Partnership Initiatives, the Steering Committee and the Co-Chairs of the GPEDC. The meeting will provide an opportunity to exchange knowledge on the variety of fields where the GPIs conduct valuable work on effective development cooperation. The workshop will tackle questions such as the role of GPIs in reference to the Global Partnership and on how to encourage GPIs to further support implementation of the 2017-2018 program of work. It will offer opportunities to discuss the arrangements and mechanisms to make better use of knowledge provided by the GPIs and to harness synergies between the work of the GPIs and the working groups of the Global Partnership.
The meeting will take place on the eve of the Global Festival of Action for Sustainable Development (March 21-23) in Bonn, Germany. The festival brings together the global community taking action to make the SDGs become reality and will provide further opportunities to exchange knowledge and meet actors from all fields that aim to foster effective development cooperation.
The organizers will be glad to assist with travel organization and accommodation in Bonn. Please contact us at your earliest convenience to let us know if we can be of help.
Additionally, please note that you can register for the Global Festival of Action here. Registering for the festival can facilitate the visa application process. The festival also provides information on accommodations in Bonn.
In the era of SDGs
In the era of SDGs and universal health coverage, and for UHC2030 which transformed from the International Health Partnership + (IHP+) in 2017, effective development co–operation (EDC) remains an important area of work. However the EDC agenda needs reframing in the broader context of mobilising development finance to support the SDGs. International cooperation based on mutual learning across countries and development effectiveness principles is one of the key principles that partners collectively subscribe to use in guiding action to strengthen health systems when they sign the UHC2030 Global Compact.
Since the launch of IHP+ in 2007, IHP+ Results has provided an important function in monitoring the performance of IHP+ signatories’ implementation of their commitments as set out in the IHP+ Global Compact, and on the basis of the IHP+ Seven Behaviours which translate commitments into action. To date, there have been five rounds of monitoring. The latest 2016 IHP+ performance report includes findings from 30 countries, the highest participation ever in this monitoring exercise, reflecting continued interest and relevance for countries of the effective development agenda.
This side event at the UHC Financing Forum provides an opportunity to discuss country experience in monitoring implementation of effective development co-operation principles and identify how continued commitment is important in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The discussion will provide some important perspectives to reinvigorate the essence of the effective development cooperation agenda and inform the way forward for UHC2030 to support countries’ own efforts in this area. The event will also provide an opportunity to disseminate the findings of the IHP+ 2016 Performance Report and launch the report.
- Highlight key findings and emphasise priority areas where continued commitment remains important;
- Stimulate discussion on effective development co-operation in health in the light of the SDGs and how effective development co-operation principles remain key to strengthen national health systems for achieving UHC by 2030;
- Identify suggestions on the way forward for UHC2030 to support country’s effective development co-operation.
12:30-12:35 Welcome + introduction/scene setting
Dr. Githinji Gitahi, Group Chief Executive Officer, AMREF Health Africa; and co-chair, UHC 2030
12:35-12:45 Presentation: Main findings from the IHP+ performance review 2016 and way forward
Mr. Maxwell Dapaah, Senior Public Financial Management Specialist, the World Bank; and Joint Lead of the UHC2030 Core Team
12:45-12:50: Keynote on the relevance development effectiveness in the context of the SDGs: therole of development cooperation to support countries make progress towards UHC in financing sustainability. What’s the experience of Ghana for other countries who are preparing to transition from aid?
Dr. Emmanuel Ankrah Odame, Director, Policy, Planning and M&E, Ministry of Health, Ghana
12:50-13:20 Panel session
H.E. Dr. Youk Sambath, Director General for Administration and Finances, Ministry of Health, Cambodia
Dr. Aye Aye Thwin, Senior Adviser, Global Health/Front Office, USAID (tbc)
Dr. Boluwatife Oluwafunmilola Lola-Dare, President, CHESTRAD International, Nigeria
Dr. Jesse Boardman Bump, Lecturer on Global Health Policy, Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
Dr. Monique Vledder, Practice Manager, Global Financing Facility (tbc)
13:20-13:40 Questions and comments from the floor
13:40-13:55 Feedback from panelists
13:55-14:00 Concluding remarks:
Dr. Agnès Soucat, Director, Health systems financing and governance, World Health Organization
- Agenda revised 17 April
- Logistical Note
- 1.1 Concept Note for a Global Compendium of Good Practices (Session 1)
- 1.2 Business Leaders Caucus List (Session 1)
- 2.1 An Updated Monitoring Framework: Refinements to the Current Indicators (Session 2) revised 13 April
- 2.2 Summary of Feedback and Way Forward to Finalise the Strengthening of Current Monitoring Indicators (Session 2)
- 3.1 Concept Note for a Global Action Plan (Session 3)
- 3.2 Terms of Reference for a Knowledge-Sharing Platform (Session 3)
- 3.3 Proposal on Strengthening GPI Engagement (Session 3) revised 12 April
- 4.1 Substantive Proposal for a 2018 Specialised Policy Dialogue (Session 4) revised 13 April
- 5.1 Global Advocacy and Outreach Strategy (Session 5)
- 7.1 Terms of Reference for a 4th Non-Executive Co-Chair of the GPEDC (Session 7)
- List of Participants revised 20 April
- Enhanced Effectiveness at Country Level (Session 1)
- The Effectiveness of Private Sector Engagement through Development Co-operation (Session 1)
- Renewing the Approach to Monitor Effective Development Co-operation (Session 2)
- The Updated Global Partnership Monitoring Framework (Session 2)
- Global Partnership Working Group on Knowledge-Sharing (Session 3)
- Making Better Use of Global Partnership Initiatives (Session 3)
- Learning from Different Modalities of Development Co-operation (Session 4)
- The Global Partnership’s Contribution to the SDGs: Strategic Deliverables (Session 6)
- Global Partnership Monitoring: Enhanced Evidence for the 2030 Agenda (Session 8)
- Global Partnership Monitoring: Data Dashboard
apr236:30 pm- 8:00 pmSun, Sea, Sand and Beyond: Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Challenges in Small Island Developing States’ Tourism SectorTax Inspectors Without Borders Side Event6:30 pm - 8:00 pm New York, United States of AmericaEvent Type :Peer Learning Event,Side EventLearn More
Tourism is a critical economic sector for developing countries. In 2016 alone, reported international tourism revenue amounted to USD 1.22 trillion, and is today among the fastest growing ‘industries’ in the world. Revenues generated by the tourism sector and tourism related activities represent an important source of income for many small island developing states (SIDS). Tourism accounts for over 25% of GDP (2014) in at least 7 SIDS.
Multinational enterprises are major players in the sector and present tax administrations in SIDS with several challenges. These include a lack of tourism sector knowledge which may impede the effective monitoring of tax revenues declared from this critical sector. For small countries, heavily reliant on corporate income tax, vulnerable to climate change and with limited economic alternatives, it is imperative that the tourism sector is appropriately taxed and that the capacities of national tax administrations are strengthened, including in the area of tax audits.
TIWB builds the capacities of tax administrations in developing countries in the area of tax audits of multinational enterprises. This TIWB learning event is an opportunity to discuss what can be done to overcome the challenges faced by SIDS in auditing the tourism sector and highlight the benefits that improved audit skills and industry knowledge can bring to tax administrations.
Base erosion and profit shifting, or “BEPS”, refers to tax planning strategies that exploit gaps and mismatches in tax rules to artificially shift profits to low or no-tax locations where there is little or no economic activity.
Speakers / Panelists
A panel of leading experts discussed the topic.
Welcome and Introduction
- Gail Hurley – UNDP TIWB Project Manager
- James Karanja – Head of TIWB Secretariat
Navigating the Complexity of the Hotel/Tourism sector
- Colin Garwood – Hotel Industry Expert
- Sandra Pryce – Tax Administration, Jamaica
Achieving the 2030 Agenda for
Achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development requires transformative change and massive contributions from multiple stakeholders, including the public and private sectors and civil society. Development co-operation is firmly anchored in the Agenda’s implementation, through official development assistance (ODA) and South-South Co-operation (SSC). Similarly, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change have echoed the calls for increased and improved development co-operation.
The current state of development financing shows a stark contrast between the estimated costs to improve human development and protect the planet by 2030 and the actual financial resources that are available. Different from other international funding sources, development co-operation funds are particularly devoted to improving the well-being of people and the planet. Thus, their impact is central to achieve the 2030 Agenda across the world.
Recently OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors have directed increasing shares of their aid budgets towards in-donor country refugee costs and large parts of ODA remain tied (formally or informally), limiting its overall impact. A survey of 125 donor organisations in 81 low- and middle countries has shown that only 52% of results are tracked using government sources and systems, and only half of development co-operation is channelled through recipient countries’ own public financial management and procurement systems. Hence, strong efforts from international providers of development co-operation are needed to improve their contribution to achieving the SDGs.
Dynamic Context of International Development Co-operation: Contribution of Think Tanks
International development co-operation is going through profound changes, triggered by different drivers, such as the declining relevance of aid as a financial resource, global migration trends, the rise of emerging economies and a proliferation of development actors and co-operation goals, as well as a backlash against multilateralism caused by growing nationalist and populist political movements around the world. International conferences, such as the United Nations Development Co-operation Forum (UN DCF) High-level Meeting in May 2018 or the Second UN High-Level Conference on South-South Co-operation (BAPA+40), to be held in Buenos Aires in March 2019, therefore mark important reflection points for the future of the policy field of development co-operation.
In this context, think tanks and academics play an important role in in supporting evidence informed policy-making and building bridges between research and practice, especially in politically contentious areas. The Network of Southern Think Tanks (NeST) and the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) accompanied and contributed to the global debate on development co-operation, through hosting a series of academic and political debates and joint publications. Bringing together researchers from emerging economies, developing countries and OECD DAC countries has led to discussions going beyond traditional political patterns and lines of argumentation, generating a focused and research-based debate with a practical orientation on development co-operation.
In 2018, we plan to continue our ongoing debates, in order to create new knowledge and, where possible, shared understandings towards informing international debates on the quality of development co-operation. The workshop in New York serves two main purposes. First, it brings together existing and ongoing research on development co-operation. Second, the event will direct discussions towards implications for the BAPA+40 conference in 2019, with workshop contributions featuring in an upcoming joint publication.
The workshop will focus on five main themes. The topic of South-South Co-operation and messages for the upcoming BAPA+40 conference will be a cross-cutting theme of the workshop, and will be discussed in dedicated policy session. The questions listed below will guide the overall discussion.
Session I) The Changing Context of Development Co-operation – Current Narratives and Trends
What is the current state of development co-operation in terms of convergence of divergence between providers of SSC and OECD DAC donors?
- How have the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs changed global development co-operation?
- What do these changes imply for assessing the impacts of development co-operation?
Session II) The Global Architecture – Points of Convergence and Divergence
- Which global platforms are most relevant for discussing the effectiveness of development co-operation?
- How can existing platforms be renewed or better used to promote improved effectiveness of development co-operation?
Session III) Policy-Roundtable on the Road to BAPA+40
- What is the relevance of the key BAPA principle of that SSC is a “complement to North-South co-operation, but not a substitute” and has its interpretation changed?
- What is the importance of technical co-operation (the main focus of BAPA 1978) in comparison to other modalities of co-operation (knowledge exchange, technology transfer, financing)?
- How do SSC initiatives like the Chinese “One Belt One Road” initiative and the Indian-Japanese “Asia-Africa Growth Corridor” affect current discussions on SSC?
Session IV) Development Co-operation – Frameworks, Theories and Imperatives for Assessments
- How can principles of SSC, such as low transaction and implementation costs, speed of project delivery, greater flexibility, absence of conditionality and mutual benefit be integrated in impact assessment for SSC?
- How should monitoring and evaluation frameworks of OECD DAC donors be reformed in the context of plurality and diversity of partners and partnerships (e.g. with actors from the private sector), and multi-stakeholder approaches?
- To what degree do monitoring and evaluation frameworks consider the interrelated challenges of sustainable development and climate change and how can they be strengthened in this regard?
Session V) Transnational and National Perspectives on Development Co-operation for Achieving the SDGs
- What are the priorities of recipient countries for criteria to be featured in donor’s monitoring and evaluation frameworks?
- How can participation of affected communities and civil society organizations on the ground be improved in the context of ODA and SSC projects?
- How can local actors provide inputs into ODA and SSC strategies, plans, policies, and monitoring frameworks?
Speakers / Panelists
The aim of the workshop is to have a frank and open exchange of views to gather opinions on current issues in development co-operation. The expert workshop will feature about 15 researchers (authors) and additional 20-30 experts who exchange on working-level specific issues. Presenting authors will come from a broad range of different backgrounds, in terms of countries, disciplines and research areas.
Discussants will be invited UN delegates and experts from a broad range of organisations working on aid and development effectiveness and South-South Co-operation.
jul178:15 am- 9:30 amEnhancing the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development: Country-Level Frameworks for Resilient, Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships8:15 am - 9:30 am New YorkEvent Type :High-Level Side Event,Side Event
Location: Permanent Mission of the
Location: Permanent Mission of the Republic of Korea (335 E. 45th St., New York)
Please RSVP by 13 July using the following link: http://bit.ly/GPEDCatHLPF
Why multi-stakeholder partnerships?
In today’s evolving international landscape, development challenges are increasingly complex, persistent and interlinked. As such, achieving sustainable development for everyone, everywhere, calls for strong, equal partnerships between all stakeholders. Participation of civil society organisations, the private sector and other local development partners in all phases of development policy-making, planning and implementation helps ensure that resources are used effectively, capitalising on the comparative advantage of every stakeholder group and sharing resources, technology and knowledge.
In this context, multi-stakeholder partnerships are key to implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. Effective multi-stakeholder partnerships are also important for building more sustainable and resilient societies, which require key policy actions and institutional reforms, as well as diverse financial resources, knowledge, innovation and collaborative relationships. This makes it urgent to effectively engage stakeholders in development policy-making, planning and implementation, and to expand and strengthen spaces for open dialogue and joint work.
To this end, promoting inclusive institutional frameworks in countries’ National Development Co-operation policies and strategies, as well as multi-stakeholder dialogue and co-ordination mechanisms for joint work are crucial. These national efforts also support an enabling policy, legal and regulatory environment for multi-stakeholder partnerships, encouraging development partners to work more effectively together at the country level.
Why the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation?
In this context, the internationally-agreed principles of effective development co-operation (country ownership, a focus on results, inclusive partnerships, and transparency and mutual accountability) remain important. The principles guide development stakeholders as they refine their policies and institutions to enable stronger, more inclusive partnerships for maximum development impact.
The Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation (GPEDC) promotes multi-stakeholder partnerships that help countries achieve their sustainable development priorities. Grounded in the effective development co-operation principles, the GPEDC supports countries in establishing and strengthening mechanisms for multi-stakeholder dialogue and engagement, by bringing together a wide variety of actors to collaborate in the spirit of openness, trust and mutual respect.
The GPEDC’s monitoring framework also measures country-level progress in implementing the development effectiveness principles, providing evidence for multi-stakeholder dialogue on progress and challenges. For instance, 81% of countries that participated in the GPEDC’s 2016 monitoring process reported that they and their partners lacked instruments and policies for public-private dialogue. The state of play from the last round of Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) mirrors the findings from 2016 GPEDC monitoring. Many VNRs presented challenges in consolidating effective multi-stakeholder engagement, particularly facilitating meaningful stakeholder participation and maintaining collaborative relationships.
What is the side event about?
Hosted by the governments of Korea and Bangladesh, the objective of the side event is to discuss key opportunities and challenges for building more inclusive institutional frameworks, and generate evidence-based dialogue on ways to strengthen relationships with a wide variety of development stakeholders at the country level. It will draw on first-hand experience of how fostering multi-stakeholder partnerships can strengthen countries’ capacity for resilience and address a wide variety of sustainable development challenges.
The side event will be an interactive, multi-stakeholder panel discussion, including interventions from various countries that will present their Voluntary National Reviews in 2018. This will be followed by an open discussion with audience members. Representatives of the Co-Chairs of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation, as well as its active members, will participate in an interactive discussion.
The discussion aims to support increased engagement of all stakeholders in inclusive, country-level partnerships. It will also serve as a platform for exchanging ideas on how national multi-stakeholder partnerships can help implement the SDGs.
The event will take place
The event will take place at the Novotel Paris Centre Eiffel Tower Hotel, located at: 61 quai de Grenelle, 75015, Paris, France. Please note that this is a closed event, by invitation only. For any questions on the event, please contact Rebekah Chew (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Piper Hart (email@example.com).
1. Concept note
2. Final agenda
3. Session background notes
Tuesday, 11 September
a. Session II: Leading country participation in the 2018 Global Partnership Monitoring Round
b. Session III: Development partner participation in the 2018 Global Partnership Monitoring Round
c. Session V: Harnessing monitoring results to drive more effective partnerships
Wednesday, 12 September
d. Session II: Today’s drivers of success for a renewed approach to effectiveness
e. Session III: Leveraging country-led monitoring results to drive behaviour change
f. Session IV: Delivering more effectively in fragile and conflict affected situations
g. Session V: Scaling up private sector engagement to deliver solutions on the ground
Read participant Jonathan Glennie’s blog on Balancing Scope with Accountability – A Challenge for Development Effectiveness