Based on an inclusive consultation that concluded in Kenya at the Global Partnership’s Second High-Level Meeting (HLM2), the Nairobi Outcome Document was released on 1 December 2016. This document will help to shape how all development stakeholders can partner to implement Agenda 2030 and realise the SDGs.

About the Nairobi Outcome Document: FAQs

What is the Nairobi Outcome Document?

The Nairobi Outcome Document is an aspirational, forward-looking set of priorities and goals for development co-operation to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Participants at the Second High-Level Meeting (HLM2) of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation in Nairobi in 2016 agreed on the document as guidance for urgent action to implement the SDGs. They reaffirmed the four effectiveness principles of country ownership, results, inclusiveness and transparency and accountability, as well as all commitments taken at the previous high-level fora on aid effectiveness (Paris 2005, Accra 2008, Busan 2011) and at the First High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership (Mexico 2014). For the first time, in Nairobi, the international community articulated differentiated commitments to effective development co-operation according to stakeholder groups, recognising differentiated roles and contributions towards shared effectiveness principles. In the spirit of inclusion, the Outcome Document recognises the diverse array of partners in development and reaffirms participants’ commitments to leave no-one behind.

What does the Outcome Document do?

With the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development came a set of 17 ambitious sustainable development goals, the SDGs, and a new approach that views all relevant development actors as equal partners in development. The Global Partnership provides a space where development actors can come together to discuss concrete solutions to realise the SDGs together. The Nairobi Outcome Document – prepared and endorsed five years after the Global Partnership’s creation – outlines the way forward from here, addressing how the development community can jointly identify and address challenges, share knowledge, and leverage resources most efficiently in order to overcome the world’s toughest problems.

The Nairobi Outcome Document guides the work of governments, civil society organisations, parliaments, local governments, business sector, philanthropy, trade unions, international organisations and other actors at country-level. It provides a plan of action for stakeholders to think jointly and concretely about how to ground its four principles – a focus on results, country-led development, inclusive partnerships, and transparency and mutual accountability – into each actor’s reality to maximise efficiency and effective use of resources and development effort.

The Nairobi Outcome Document is an expression of voluntary partnership. It has no prescriptive authority and is not legally binding. It does not favour any one voice, group, constituency, region or stakeholder above any other.

What was the process for preparing and endorsing the Outcome Document?

The Outcome Document was prepared and endorsed through a consultative process. Four drafts were prepared and widely circulated between May and November 2016. All comments and edits made in advance of the final version were posted online and available to stakeholders to review. The document’s chief negotiator, Ambassador Macharia Kamau, Permanent Representative of Kenya to the United Nations in New York, led the process, which concluded with intensive consultations in Nairobi during HLM2. HLM2 closed with the endorsement of the Nairobi Outcome Document by acclamation. This took place in plenary in the presence of 4,600 delegates from 157 countries and twelve stakeholder groups – governments, civil society, business, foundations, members of parliament, trade unions, academia, regional organisations, youth, local governments and multi-lateral development banks and other international organisations.

What are the next steps?

Alongside the endorsement of the Nairobi Outcome Document, HLM2 also marked the change in leadership of the Global Partnership, whose three new ministerial co-chairs are from Bangladesh, Germany and Uganda. The co-chairs and the Global Partnership Steering Committee have already begun working to take forward the aspirations outlined in the Outcome Document. Supported by the Joint Support Team, the leadership develops the Partnership’s biennial Programme of Work as the main instrument to implement the vision and goals enshrined in the Nairobi Outcome Document. One important pillar will be the updating of the Global Partnership Monitoring Framework to reflect the challenges and demands of the 2030 era.

What is the new Global Partnership mandate enshrined in the Outcome Document?

Participants in Nairobi recognised the need to adapt the mandate and working arrangements of the Global Partnership to the new global development agenda and the demands and challenges that come with it. Annexed to the Nairobi Outcome Document, the renewed mandate sets out a vision and agreed functions for the Global Partnership – to support country-level implementation, generate evidence for accountability and SDG follow-up, share knowledge and lessons, facilitate policy dialogue and build political momentum for effective development co-operation. To deliver for a new transformative development agenda the mandate spells out three areas where collective action will be vital – mutual accountability to unblock bottlenecks and sustain commitments, shared benefit to unleash the potential of development co-operation to attract inclusive private investment, and mutual learning to learn from different approaches to strengthen the effectiveness of development co-operation. It also makes specific proposals to strengthen the roles and responsibilities of co-chairs, steering committee members and the Joint Support Team and operational changes to optimise meetings and have a biennial, costed programme of work.

How can development actors leverage the Outcome Document to reach their goals?

The Global Partnership is open to any actor that wishes to collaborate on an equal footing to strengthen mutual accountability, shared benefit among diverse actors and mutual learning. It is fully understood that each stakeholder enters the Global Partnership with its own perspectives and approaches, and respect and recognition of this diversity underpins its work. The Global Partnership therefore welcomes new actors to explore how it – and the Outcome Document – can help make additional contributions to make development more effective.

Each country has primary responsibility for its own economic and social development. Inclusive national policies and development strategies are the central frameworks for all partners and should guide implementation of the Nairobi Outcome Document. Countries are invited to identify their immediate and long term priorities for multi-stakeholder coordination, capacity strengthening and the maximisation of the effectiveness of all forms of development co-operation in line with the objectives of the Nairobi Outcome Document. Disaggregated monitoring evidence and country profiles are a useful tool to inform and take this process forward. Please direct questions to

To further scale up best practices and lessons learned, countries can exchange their experience through the knowledge exchange platforms and opportunities for specialized dialogue provided by the Global Partnership. This allows for increased accountability and follow up on the effectiveness commitments, and enables stakeholders to identify bottlenecks that can be dealt with at the global level and to better understand challenges and opportunities in adopting development co-operation practices.

For more information on implementation strategies at the country level please refer to your ministry in charge of development co-operation. Your local UNDP country office may equally be able to provide additional information.

What is the role of the monitoring exercise?

The Global Partnership Monitoring Framework is the main instrument for the Global Partnership to measure progress at country level and inform the global follow-up and review of the implementation of the SDGs. The primary purpose is to support government-led processes at the country level to use monitoring exercises and ensure that development co-operation is guided by shared principles and supports the realisation of agreed global effectiveness commitments. Data collected by countries through the Global Partnership monitoring process also directly contribute to the measurement of target 17.16 on multi-stakeholder partnerships as well as to the measurement of SDG Indicators 5.c.1 on gender equality and 17.15.1 on policy space. With this, the monitoring work of the Global Partnership will complement and not duplicate the follow-up and review processes of the 2030 Agenda and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda.

How does the Nairobi Outcome Document link with UN processes and other international institutions?

The United Nations High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) is the only forum with a universal mandate to oversee follow-up and review of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda at the global level. The Nairobi Outcome Document explicitly states the Global Partnership’s intention to make practical contributions to the HLPF, to work with the United Nations Financing for Development (FfD) Forum and to enhance its complementarity with the United Nations Development Co-operation Forum (DCF), . The Global Partnership, as a distinct multi-stakeholder platform, is uniquely placed to bridge national, regional and global level efforts in development co-operation – by sharing experiences from the country-level and inject findings into global processes at the HLPF, as well as the DCF and FfD Forum.

How is the role of stakeholders e.g. business and civil society organisations in the Global Partnership defined in the Outcome Document?

The Nairobi Outcome Document specifies that the Global Partnership will amplify its multi-stakeholder nature in order to adapt to new requirements of the 2030 Agenda. In recognition of this, and the 2030 Agenda’s framework, which provides opportunities for businesses at both national and international levels to invest in development, the Outcome Document embraces the undeniable fact that the business sector can be a significant force driving prosperity and peace in support of achieving the SDGs. The Global Partnership, as outlined in the Outcome Document, seeks to provide the platform for the business sector to explore, share, adopt or adapt practical approaches suited to each market context. It also promotes a framework to monitor commitments related to these partnerships to ensure checks and balances.

The Nairobi Outcome Document recognises the importance of civil society in sustainable development and in leaving no-one behind. Civil Society plays an important role as an independent development actor in its own rights and as a watchdog to ensure that all stakeholders are held accountable for their commitments. A key priority for the Global Partnership, as stated in the Outcome Document, is to reverse the trend of shrinking civic space wherever it is taking place. Through endorsing the document, development co-operation stakeholders committed to accelerating progress in providing an enabling environment for civil society, including in legal and regulatory terms, in line with internationally agreed rights.

Civil Society Organizations are encouraged to engage with the respective national governments to support effective implementation of national development strategies and through the open platform of the CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE) which represents civil society around the world in the Steering Committee. CPDE is also organized in regional and sub-regional platforms.

How is the Outcome Document being used by the Global Partnership?

The Global Partnership’s Programme of Work (2017-2018) is the main way through which the commitments and actions mentioned in the Nairobi Outcome Document are implemented and operationalised. The Programme of Work is revised every two years, with the current strategic outputs focusing on:

  1. Supporting effective co-operation at the country level
  2. Monitoring the commitments of all partners
  3. Sharing knowledge of successes and innovative solutions
  4. Scaling up engagement of the private sector through co-operation
  5. Learning from different kinds of partnerships
  6. Strengthening political momentum for effective co-operation